#Egypt is building Bridges over Seas and Deserts

Bridges over Seas and Deserts

By Volkhard Windfuhr    

Egypt builds and fortifies a new power block of international weight: The Mediterranean, Mid Eastern Afro-Asian Block.

This denomination delimits by this provisory name the vast geographical area which – under the active sponsorship of Egypt – is giving birth to the geopolitical structure of a new block which reminds observers of the non aligned “block free” countries under the soft guidance of the “Bandung States” mainly Egypt, India, China, Indonesia, Ghana, Guinea, Cameroun and Yugoslavia in the fifties and sixties of the 20th century. They were committed to fight imperialism and colonialism   in all forms and shapes and avoided to  join any of the  two antagonistic world blocks the US led NATO and its pro western allies on one hand and the communist East Block under the supervision of the Soviet Union on the other hand which both divided and dominated the globe at their time.

The iron curtain dividing   Europe and Germany in particular, as well  as Vietnam and Korea, and the hardships of the Cold war – the consequences of which  were felt everywhere and sometimes nourished the threat of a disastrous nuclear third and probably final world war – seemed to remain for ever.

However, the non aligned states managed to keep independent from both sides to an astonishing degree.

Their far sighted views and dreams of their leading figures like Jawaharlal Nehru, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Chu En Lai, Ahmed Seokarno, Josip Broz Tito, Kwame Nkrumah, Ahmed Sékou Touré and Ahmedu Ahidjo, were proven right in the last end.

The cold war ended, the USSR collapsed and quite  a number of  new completely independent states sprang up into existence. Germany re-united, the iron curtain broke up and a  new world era arose on the horizon. But the wished-for problem free new world of equality and pure friendship among peoples and  countries did not replace  the tough two block world.

NATO continued to exist and interfered in recent years in the open with the  evident aim of  supporting the ever increasing world wide ambitions of the United States of America, whose leadership enjoyed to direct the globe as the only super power in the world after the break up of the Soviet Union. Washington’s intentions were no longer hidden: To start with US decision makers’ priority consisted and still consists in a multi level effort to prevent Russia – which replaced the former Soviet Union –  from  any attempt of regaining internal and external power by whatsoever means: The build up of a Western anti Russian front, creating and  exploiting so-called Russian ‘expansionist aggression’ in “Eastern Ukraine” – which was the industrial center of Czarist Russia and which – after the defeat of Russia in spring 1918 and the humiliating separate peace treaty between the victorious  imperial  Germany and the  German supported new Bolshevik leadership under the Lenin government  – was unilaterally made part of Germany’s new vassal  state Ukraine. The Kaiser’s army “protected” the frontiers of that German controlled buffer state including the Russian Donetz  district until November 1918 when Germany herself was defeated by  Britain , France and the US.

However, the present American scheme to weaken Russia by the so called “East Ukraine” problem failed. In spite of intentionally misleading press reports and “analysis”, the  truth gained ground. The anti Putin / Russia campaign did not work out. Nearly all US sponsored military and  political interventions in the Middle East were grossly miscalculated. The Americans were unable to get a convincing foothold neither in Iraq nor in Syria and Libya. The strong ties between Russia and Syria even increased – a severe blow to the international image and credibility of the  United States and growing economic, commercial and financial problems.

The Trump administration  was even forced to ask Peking for financial assistance.  A series of political blunder make things worse. A glance at Trumps North Korean debacle  is one more proof of the fact that USA 2018 is loosing weight. Anti American frustration is spreading from the Arab world to Islamic countries and other parts of the globe. Even Turkey whose erratic president is no longer a reliable friend. Not just because of the unwise and illegal  translocation of the US embassy to Arab East Jerusalem and the expected American recognition of Israel’s occupation and annexation  of the occupied Syrian Golan Heights.

“The world is ripe for a new non American dominated world order”. This attest by a commentator of the Cypriot state TV reflects the increasing mood of disenchantment of  the new world order Washington tried to impose.

Egypt after serious socio political experiences of a would-be revolution January 2011 and a people’s uprising against an American supported islamist theocracy and economic problems, did not join the US camp, although caring for good relations on all levels.

But President Sisi’s Egypt is by no means member of a US controlled political pact system, nor  did  Cairo join a Russian controlled political camp, although Sisi shares the view of Russian president Putin in specific fields and believes  for example in the absolute  necessity of a political  solution in Syria and Libya with full integrity of the Syrian and Libyan territories.

Another common conviction is the commitment to eliminate all forms of terrorism.

Excellent economic and cultural  relations with Germany and Japan and many other countries are signals of Cairo’s block free world view.  Egypt shares with Algeria and Tunisia a political and   security related agenda for pacifying Libya and assist her  in eradicating  the  strongholds of Daesh and similar terrorist gangs. Both countries were prominent members of the bloc of non-aligned nations and share with Egypt a specific Mediterranean identity. Egypt’s recent  re-activation of  the ancient cultural symbiosis with Greece and Cyprus culminated in economic, cultural and political treaties and promising economic   joint ventures linked to the exploitation of rich underwater gas fields in the Mediterranean. Strong ties with Sudan and South Sudan, Uganda, Eritrea, Kenyia and Nigeria and many other African trans Saharan nations are bearing fruit. Cairo’s ties with India and China are of   “exemplary value” according to the leading Egyptian daily “El Ahram”. The same goes with Indonesia. Contrary to the expectations of sensation hungry media Egypt handles the dispute over Ethiopa’s Renaissance (Nahda) highdam on the Blue Nile at the Sudanese frontier with  “open hearts and minds”, as the Ethiopian State TV lately found out. President Sisi spoke of “the brotherly people of Ethiopia” and agreed with the decision makers in Addis Ababa on a new effort to solve the question of the distribution of the Blue Nile waters “in good friendship and in accordance with African brotherhood.”  “There will be no war over the Nile waters” shouted a delighted member of the mixed Egyptian-Ethiopian high commission after the last meeting of that body. “We are all in the same boat” was the swift comment of Egypt’s foreign minister Sameh Shukry.

The new affinities between Egypt and her European and African and Asian partners show the way. The Suez Canal, the world’s most important water way is an example of the new block free world: The newly created economic zone on both sides of the isthmus is an ideal centrally located industrial and commercial future oriented area. China profits  right from the start from the enormous facilities and tax free status and produces and exports an increasing number of products, Russia is following suit, the German industrial giant Siemens joined,  and Japan, France and Italy consider to consolidate their commercial and technological presence as well in that area. The Greek daily “Eleleftheria” called that zone “the super Hongkong of tomorrow’s world.” Africa started profiting from the closer bonds with Egypt and the Suez canal cross point , too.

A prominent staff member of the two centuries old “Madrasat al Alsun” (“Language College”) created by Egypt’s progressive ruler Mohamed Ali felt the approach of a new era and asked: “Which African, Asian and additional European languages should we concentrate  on in  our new world?”.

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Elections are pending in Egypt

Naturally, there is a lot of noise, when it comes to elections. Yet: when it comes to Egypt, internationally the opposition gets more attention than the president, as mainstream media still label El-Sisi an autocratic leader. Especially now, El-Sisi has been ‘confirmed’ to be a ‘dictator with an iron fist’, who seeks to have no candidate next to him. Stories, supporting this view in local and international media are manifold, giving as little facts as necessary, to confirm this viewpoint.

I know plenty of people, especially from the middle-class – suffering severe loss of financial care-freeness, who defy and despise literally every achievement, this government has produced. As I outlined in 2014, they are hit hardest. The devaluation of the Egyptian Pound has lead to prices roughly doubled, while salaries in the private sectors didn’t or companies lost their business due the horribly rough time, the political upheavals mercilessly imposed on some industries. They have to handle that school fees have increased [one million children go to private schools], all sorts of foods have become a matter of reconsideration, electricity, gasoline and everything else one can think of grew costly, as since over 30 years, the country dependents on imports. Some of people are clinging to a ‘military-dictatorship’ narrative, which ‘strives to make the state their prey’, warming their thoughts with emigration plans. Interestingly, the people from either the upper class or the poor like and support the change. The rich do so, as they see that the process of transformation takes decades and they welcome the idea, to reside in an overall respectable country. The poor do so, as they understand that El-Sisi is setting the stage to elevate their homeland to the grandeur they know from history.  It goes without saying, that of course one can find rich and privileged people complaining about the president too. For the first time the fight against corruption seems to be taken seriously. And of course not all poor people cheer El-Sisi. But most do. I know that for a fact, as I’m coming around so many people from so many walks of life due to my profession.

Ever since president El-Sisi and his government in 2014 started to not only clear Egypt of the shambles, the country has been shattered with, through unrest, demonstrations and violent defiance of abolishing the rule of the Muslimbrotherhood, later culminating in terror attacks and consecutively a derailed economy (the so called Arab-Spring, which started to ‘blossom’ in the biggest MENA state from January 2011), this president, coming from a modest background himself, has had and still has a vision for his homeland. He and his government worked towards putting Egypt back on the list of secure countries. Parallel to this, El-Sisi has pressured his ministers to built the structures, which are necessary to transform – what some saw as an eternal corrupt ‘shithole’ –  into a sovereign state for mature citizens, as outlined in El-Sisi’s vision 2030. On a scale from 1 – 100, this government has accomplished 20. There are still petty quarters all over Egypt, there is still corruption, there are still petty public hospitals, public education still leaves a lot to be desired, as the ministry is in the phase of searching for the best role-model to be implemented nationwide and the list goes on and on.

What most don’t know: every government in the past has undertaken steps to reform the country. This time however, there is a president who has made the welfare of Egypt his mission and the international situation is working in Egypt’s favor.

Below follows an article, published in the February edition of Al-Mutaqa.

No U-Turn  

By Volkhard Windfuhr

The struggle on the economic front goes on. The inherited impediments still exist, the consequences of the overdue although bitter devaluation of the Egyptian pound and its price hike directly affecting the average Egyptian citizen are still being felt. But those who foresaw – and in some local and foreign quarters sadistically hoped for  bloody uprisings and serious clashes with the security forces just do not take place.

The reason is clear: There is no miraculous solution in sight for an over night rapid overall relief on all fronts. Decade long criminally neglected shortcomings accumulated finally forced the government to cut the devilish road to bankruptcy and de facto paralysis and immobilization of the state. A very similar nasty situation happened in the seventies and eighties of the 19th century, when uncontrolled  overspending and a terrible indebtedness caused a complete collapse of public and private finances. The viceroy (khedive) Ismail abdicated leaving the country to direct subjugation of foreign powers and tough humiliating European control of the finance sector. Far sighted decision makers of today’s Egypt were aware of the approaching financial and thus socio-political catastrophe and took  bold although unpopular decisions. These brave people risked their reputation and public anger for the sake of saving their country from being drawn into the brink of a satanic precipice opening the gate to hell and derailment  – not ruling out the breakup and splitting of the society, civil war and the exposure to foreign powers impatiently waiting for a chance to finally getting the Arab World’s largest country under their malicious control. Those after all dumb and irresponsible Islamic extremists, who gained control of Egypt six years ago by virtue of a tricky cheap propaganda campaign and clear cut election fraud – as explicitly and irrefutably demonstrated and published by the  daily newspaper “Al Wafd” (mouthpiece of the well known influential liberal Wafd party) enraged the public soon after their takeover by a tough one-party-dictatorship, the exclusion of any liberal politicians in running the country , physically paralyzing the constitutional court and finally by declaring war against the Egyptian identity. Ex president Mursi told me and other journalists in all frankness “We should not tolerate any Egyptian identity and concentrate instead on our Islamic identity “wa-bass” (“only that  and basta!)

No wonder that the Egyptians of all social, political and confessional layers exploded in anger and protest and on June 30th in 2013 took to the streets all over Egypt. More than 25 million citizens staged historically unheard-of mass demonstrations asking the armed forces – which had protected the revolution of January 2011 – to liberate Egypt from the rule   of the Moslem Brotherhood. The army command hesitated, but finally gave in and intervened peacefully and terminated the Brotherhood’s grip on Egypt..

The response was blind terror, 130 churches went up into flames, Copts and other Egyptian Christians were assassinated, falsified “news” were and still are fabricated and dispersed here and there. But to no avail. The Egyptian spirit, which dates back to ancient Egypt and still is a valid moral codex enriched by Christian and Islamic values, does not accept the satanic game of the Moslem Brotherhood and their foreign clients, financiers and decision makers. Therefore any attempt to “reconcile” and “re-integrate” the Brotherhood in the social and political life of Egypt is equivalent with a frank insistence on civil war. They will not be given that disastrous chance. Those who invoke “human rights”  in context with the foreign  dominated evil Moslem Brotherhood are either ignorant or have other preferences in mind. In the light of the present situation in  the Arab world and in Egypt, people remember Egypt’s legendary president Gamal Abdel Nasser, who concentrated his efforts and misericordia on the underprivileged , the jobless, the poor.

He was no political or economic superman, but he was a true nationalist, believed in the social justice and took quite a few radical decisions to terminate the rule of a powerful very rich elite, introduced compulsory totally gratis school and university education and built many thousand affordable ‘popular housing units,  initiated an overdue agrarian reform policy including the distribution of large areas of cultivable rural areas and enhanced a vast program of industrializing Egypt. The unemployment rate was zero. He soon became the most beloved leader of Egypt in modern history. Of course, many of Nasser’s decisions were and are reconsidered or re-adapted. But his fight against corruption and exploitation remains a part of his permanent moral and physical achievements. The very fact that none of his children or relatives were given special status or even government positions is an additional explication why “Gamal”  is again, or better still extremely popular. President Abdel Fattah El Sisi apparently feels a human closeness to Egypt’s and the Arab World’s unforgotten “habib al malayeen” “the leader beloved by millions of his co-countrymen”.  For a good reason: The social and moral heritage of his fabulous predecessor is a permanent powerful and  convincing admonishment. Do what you are morally convinced of, as long it serves the people, especially the underprivileged.

Without adventuring a long term prediction the chances of success are not bad at all: The grand national projects are bearing fruit. The enlarging and deepening of the Suez Canal – the country’s beneficial life line, and the success of the economic development zones gives proof of a correct investment policy. In a few months the exploitation of the rich natural gas fields in the Mediterranean is going to start and probably changes Egypt’s financial situation for good.

The World Bank and other international bodies express their satisfaction with Cairo’s economic and financial policies.

In the meantime the war inevitable war against terrorism continues with force and conviction. Europe assists within its logistics means. “We have a common goal” said the German chancellor Angela Merkel. “I believe in the necessity of our common effort”.

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November 8th casts its shadows on Egypt

The elected president of Egypt, Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, who won his office in an internationally monitored election with an overwhelming majority of votes back in 2014 must have been planning a lot of things right.

Why else would some news outlets gear up recently, bashing the president as if there were no government, with fierce vileness obviously attempting to break down solidarity and consent within the Egyptian population, trying to make the country look like ruled by just one person,  and  most probably hoping to shy away small investors by blurring the big picture for the president’s massive reform visions and reform programs already in progress, intended to push Egypt out of that petty orbit of dysfunctional, corrupt state institutions, it’s been circling onto in reverse ever since the ‘glorious revolution’ of 1952?


Here is one of those pieces mentioned above [http://www.middleeasteye.net/columns/sisi-dead-man-walking-161590827]

I stumbled over it by chance on a friends face-book site. It sums up the propaganda counter-narrative on Egypt. Its purpose is not to report or inform its readership, but to draw the readers into believing the country is close to collapse, which according to their arbitrarily picked random facts,  interpreted in jolly distortion, would be  just a question of a few months.

While this publication, Middle East Eye [MEE], purports to be journalistic in nature, already the headline “Sisi is a dead man walking  #EgyptTurmoil” with this added hash tag begs the question: for whom does this still qualify as journalism?

(Behind the MEE is a senior executive with Qatar’s TV network Al Jazeera, who was closely involved with setting up the London news website Middle East Eye, some of whose staff have links to organizations sympathetic to the Muslim Brotherhood. [http://www.thenational.ae/uae/al-jazeera-executive-helped-to-launch-controversial-uk-website])


President Al-Sisi caught my attention and gained my respect for his integrity. Contrary to his opponents and related news-outlets: Al-Sisi has never made a promise he couldn’t or cannot keep. It is however important to pay attention to what he says.

When he projected the New Suez Canal extension in late 2013, the world had been a slightly different place. While the ‘Arab-Spring’ had been in ‘full blossom’, Syria, Libya, Tunisia, Yemen and even Egypt had not yet to confront, what we all came to know as, the Caliphate of ‘the Islamic State’.

Most criticism with focus on ‘Sisi’s failed economies’ cling to the Suez Canal, as revenues were below anticipated gains. Who in 2013 and 2014 could actually foresee the sharpest decline in world trade activities since 2009 http://unctad.org/en/pages/newsdetails.aspx?OriginalVersionID=1230, in parts related to an existential grown battle of antagonistic economical concepts – The New Silk Road vs TTIP http://www.chinausfocus.com/finance-economy/ttip-has-a-greater-global-impact-than-tpp/? – In 2015 the dollar value of world merchandise exports declined by 14%, to US$ 16.0 trillion, as export prices fell by 15%. The dollar value of world commercial services exports also fell 6%in 2015 to US$ 4,754 billion, although the decline was less severe than for merchandise.

An in addition (as a side note) the regional advantage, i.e. Turkey would take from the ‘Islamic State’ oil trade and subsequently the complete overhaul of the whole oil market price scheme: how foreseeable had that been?


Improvements in Egypt‘s political stability over the time alone won’t suffice to alleviate ongoing concerns within the investors-community about the stability of the business climate in the Middle East in general as they are part and parcel of the international investment community, relying on protection where protection can be granted. – War zones carry high risks.


While Egypt has proved its ability, to restore law and order, and a safety in the streets I know from before 2011, there still is the looming threat, every now and then  pushed into the limelight and magnified by pundits (to justify their positions in related think-tanks I suppose), feeding into [what I call] the ‘Western Powers Caliphate Dream’, that had been harshly rejected by the people of and for Egypt through their standing up to maintain their country’s national integrity on June 30th 2013, leading to the ouster of then president Morsi, against having this very integrity taken away from the Washington fancied rule of the Muslimbrotherhood, whose predominant political establishment, as public knowledge in Egypt has it, envisions the Middle East more or less as an Entity of Islamic States, led by Sheikhs, Mullahs and Emirs. Thus the Obama administration’s relentless support, covertly and openly, for the Brotherhood, and their firm rejection, to declare the network of useful Islamists  a terror-organization.


While in 2011 static minds pondered the ‘unlikely’ but not impossible ‘closure of the Suez Canal’ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/egypt/suez-canal.htm, in 2014  Alsisi made his bet on the future. https://miskelayla.wordpress.com/2015/08/10/inside-egypt-the-suez-canal-the-stubborn-reality/. He projected to upgrade the Suez Canal from a mere shipping lane to a major hub of the Middle East’s shipping industry, with all related projects and industries. Computer science & shipping academies and Fish farms, maintenance firms and housing, to, in addition, structurally support the creation of a process, to decentralize the country, where still ‘everybody’ wants to live in ‘Egypt’ [as locals call the capital Cairo] or has to go to ‘Egypt’ for major administrative paper works.


The MEE article opens with a quote, misleadingly presented as a leak: “You want to be a first-class nation? Will you bear it if I make you walk on your own feet? When I wake you up at five in the morning every day? Will you bear cutting back on food, cutting back on air-conditioners? …People think I’m a soft man, Sisi is torture and suffering.” Fact is: this statement was on national TV and has cemented the trust, most people still have in the president, contrary to what certain new-outlets want the people to believe. The Egyptians reaction to Al-Sisi’s campaign-speech: Finally not a ‘kalamangi’ [=a person talking empty] but someone, who takes people and political process seriously plus (and that’s important!!) he has a sense of humor. ‘Sisi is torture & suffering’ is clearly connoted to the deprivations, the economical reforms will put especially the vast majority of people through, who enjoy relatively financial stability and can plan their lives accordingly, whereas the low income groups merely make it through the week.


The piece goes on with depicting Al-Sisi as a phony featherhead, humping from one economical adventure to the next, dotted dottled insinuations about their favorite narrative ‘The Military Coup’ while steadfastly ignoring that, which happened in Egypt in 2013 had been a people’s coup, assisted by the military, and giving  major infrastructural achievements, reinstating electricity, providing steady and reliable fuel and gas supplies, and housing projects related to evasion of slums not one single mention.


The investment summit in Sharm El-Sheikh is another example. Contrary to bashing pieces, the summit has been very successful. Some of the projects are already work-in-progress, while others are fighting against the bureaucracy and the regulations of the General Investment Authorities [GAFI], since parts of vital regulations changed during the Muslimbrotherhood’s Morsi tenure. The GAFI is now in a thorough rules & regulations adjustment process, hence it takes longer than one would hope for under the pressure of circumstances [= in need of investment]

The government itself has given certain projects a special legislative framework to bypass their own obnoxiously slow and hindering bureaucratic machinery. Not surprisingly, it has taken months to get parliamentarians to support the civil-servant-law to be adjusted to the needs of a modern state, citizenry and economy, rather than tolerating automated promotions and granted rewards.

And it has been this omission of crucial, sometimes only subtle differences, that shapes that part of the opposition narrative, which is unconstructive and merely intends to stir dissatisfaction, if not hoping for turmoil.


What hardly anyone finds important to mention: the whole new Egyptian economical agenda 2030.  Have a look at ‘The Golden Triangle’ project.  http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/News/15610/18/A-golden-opportunity-.aspx Having witnessed, what this government under president Al-Sisi has already accomplished through imposing a deadline-honoring system, I have not the slightest cast of doubt, The Golden Triangle will be pursued with the same efficiency.

Frequently I’m having conversations with young professionals and students. I find it interesting to hear their views on the state-of-the-country, as from them I can indulge in sometimes diametrically different views from mine on most economical related issues. Form some, all I hear is gloom & doom. I assume they are collecting ‘evidence’ as they intend to leave Egypt. If someone would listen to our conversations, they wouldn’t be able to think we’d be talking about the same country. Their case goes like this: ‘90% of all business is in the pockets of the army. People are being incarcerated, once they speak up. The government is stealing the tax money.’- Obviously  hacks have a readership.
Others are cautiously optimistic and trusting. Most don’t seem to care about politics; once the ‘Muslimbrotherhood-rule-experiment’ was over, the aftermath showed  the intention and driving forces translating into a clear message: ‘you have been toyed with’. That then has led largely to a politically disaffected Youth. Muslimbrotherhood sympathizers and socialists are however given interpretative authority, as they are airing ‘knowledge’, and reading books has not yet found back its way into academia. The political establishment has yet to convince the ‘ordinary youth’, that a revolution is not about rivers-of-blood in the streets, but about accelerating change through action. – Convincing then through visible action.-

I expect this aspect of inspiring through actions to get more focus in the new parliamentary term.

Hence crucial issues and mega projects are being found seen as ‘megalomaniac’ to cement and justify the endeavor of emigration, or frustration about the revolution’s outcome and social in-justice or complaints about the system in general.

I find it ironic though, that all steadfastly ignore that “Egypt’s economic growth [is about] pro-poor”. Though related to 2015, this is a programmatic statement about Egypt’s economic path. http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/3/12/119225/Business/Economy/Egypts-economic-growth-in–will-be-propoor-Plannin.aspx

In case that isn’t answered: It’s currently the middle-class, you’ll find complaining the most.

For some families, it’s about the hardship to deny their offspring a handsome pocket-money as the utility bills and other prices are absorbing each and every Pound, they make and receive despite salary increase. Still the traditional North coast holiday – the popular summer exit for Egyptians ever since I’ve heard of it in the late 60-ies as a child from Egyptian family friends – is feasible. But not without making compromises on spending.

‘Grow first, distribute later.’ had been the economic policy guideline during the Mubarak era. Now that has changed into: “we are keen that growth is linked to social justice. First, the nature of the projects is labor-intensive and they require low-skilled workers. Second, the projects are destined to improve the services delivered to the poor, like the new system of food subsidies, or the housing projects destined for those at the lower scale of income, and to improve utilities in poor rural areas, like sewage systems and drinkable water.”

The self-understanding of making steady profits/growths is broken. What seems not have to be yet absorbed is the dimension of that the ‘reforms [are] aiming at social justice’.

– It should be understood, that I’m talking about broad scale understanding.-

Under Mubarak, in the late years as of 2008, the ‘middle-class’ had been talked into being ‘oppressed’ and ‘underprivileged’, while in reality the people yelled about the ‘corrupt dictator Mubarak’ in the streets, middle-class youth bought the newest cell-phones, new outfits every season, travelling abroad in summer was a self-understanding and the elders got one property after another.

The poor, with no voice and being helpless as most can’t even read or write sufficiently to file a complaint or get heard, had been left out. While ‘everyone’ talked about their pity for the poor, for the most, they had been taken advantage of them through making use of the inexpensive services the poor had offered as drivers, in-house-servants, cleaners, caretakers or such.

In a society like Egypt, where social status defines social conduct, the poorest hardly had the heart to speak up.- It is their hour now.

If you follow development programs in Egypt, you will notice: except for replacing slums with decent housing and extending the Underground network substantially, nothing much happens in and around Cairo or Alexandria.

Most development projects are either in Upper Egypt or in the Delta.

Egypt has to fight off a lot of ingrown problems. Some might take generations to get rid of, some only one generation, some only a few years.

One of this problems, weighting Egypt down, is corruption. While I’m not going into details: the IMF loan program is opposed and rejected by a large majority of citizens who engage in politics, and looked at with suspicion by a lot of  un-politicized bystanders.

I see the IMF-loan program in big parts as a mere tool, to confront certain civil servants and private business individuals with a transparency framework, that makes arbitrarily overstepping rules and regulations and under-the-table contracts very difficult, if not impossible.

From my personal perspective, nothing much has changed since I thought: The Future has Begun https://miskelayla.wordpress.com/2016/01/22/the-future-has-begun/. But since I’m having my ears and eyes open I can sense that, as November 8th approaches, the stakes are high and the camps need to make their bets: those who already pledge allegiance for Hillary Clinton as America’s next president might well get rewarded with some Clinton-Foundation-cash. How else is it, that the bashing-Egypt-hacks are back with a new impetus?  It has after all been under secretary Clinton’s foreign policy directive, that the Muslimbrotherhood got promoted into coequal policymakers status, with the support of official western media, who have lost their objectivity and are being perceived  as propaganda tools by all who know, what really happens.

The outcome of the American presidential election will be important for the whole world. From how I perceive Al-Sisi’s carefully planned policy nationally and internationally: Egypt will be prepared for either scenario.



Enfeeblement triumphs Sophistication

How is German as a Foreign Language doing in Egypt? The short answer: quantity wise never better. The quality aspect needs elaboration.

When I came to Egypt in late 1992, opportunities to learn German were few.

There were three German schools in Cairo and Alexandria. The Deutsche Schule der Borromäerinnen (DSB) in Kairo was founded in 1904, after the success of its sister school in Alexandria, which was founded in 1884 to educate Germans and Austrians, whose parents were working in Alexandria at the time.

The initiative for the Deutsche Evangelische Oberschule (DEO) was established by the Protestant congregation of Cairo. The school was built along with a rectory in the spring of 1873 on land given to the Prussian consul von Theremin by the Khedive Ismail.

The sole provider to achieve a sound proficiency level for learning German as a foreign language had been the Goethe-Institute Kairo, established in 1951, a semi-governmental actor, under the umbrella of the Foreign Office assigned for ‘foreign cultural politics’.


When in November 1993 the EU started to create its pillars, naturally, the goals of German foreign cultural policy underwent a new impetus.

Ever since the ’70’ies, the parole for learning German as a foreign language has been ‘German for Everybody’, in contrast to instructing only the elites of foreign countries, which constituted the self-understanding in the ’50-ies and ’60-ies of

course book authors especially for primers.

With Germany seeking foreigners for less sophisticated work-places beginning in the late ’60-ies, the traditional approach to learn German has been perceived as too difficult. Soon, assisting political aspirations, text-books started to flood the markets, in which grammar was sought to lose its ‘horror’.

Ever since, you’ll find new books almost annually. Competition between publish houses in the meantime have become highly professionalized.

Teachers or University graduates from Egypt receive 2-weeks-stay-all-inclusive plus pocket money ‘work-shop’-invitations from publishing houses.

The Universities in Egypt, all of whom have departments of German studies, with thousands of freshmen every year, certainly are an important target-group.

Over two  decades, I have noticed, that the level of acquired language skills from

University graduates, has improved. – When in the early ’90-ies, an average graduate came to Zentrum für Deutsch [ZFD] to enhance their German language skills, a replacement test usually resulted in ‘early-beginners-level’. That had changed into ‘mid-beginners’ by the end of the ’90-ies. By 2005 about 70% of the graduates qualified for lower intermediate.

I have hardly met any average graduate from the German studies departments until now, who were adequately eloquent or fit to take up any German language related job-assignment, be it as teacher in governmental schools or in the very crucial field of call-center business, let alone tourism.

As I stated in the beginning: there have never been more places to learn German in Egypt like now. A boost can be noticed after the revolution.

Since about 2006, the federal government of Germany started an acquisition initiative of foreign medical doctors and engineers.

As main-stream instruction books are in practice being boiled down to a few basics, with class room work focused on making it to pass one of the German-language-standard-tests to obtain an officially acknowledged certificate for the respective proficiency level.

It should come to no surprise to learn, that the proficiency-standards, set by the commission of European Framework for Languages [GER] in 2000, have been lowered in the meantime. So we are seeing an international trend, rather than an Egyptian dilemma.

As for Egypt: the quality of places to learn German has deteriorated in direct proportion to their growth.

Why is that? From my perspective, this development has a lot to do with copying the role-model. The role-model is the Goethe-Institute (GI), entrusted by the Egyptian government with furthering, fostering and supervising the German language in Egypt.

Despite budget-cuts in 2000, the GI did exactly that. They can provide a clean sheet. They offer teacher-training courses, ending with a certificate, against a fee of a few thousand EGP, they have sponsored and heavily supported a German language center, run and owned by a then lecturer, now Professor from the German department of Al-Alzun, and they are sending delegates to schools, who offer German, in case they request their expertise.

As the standard of language proficiency has deteriorated dramatically over the last decade, personal assigned to evaluate the German skills of potential

candidates, initially found increasing comfort in standard certificates, only to find, those certificates have lost their validity; as a result a spiral of increasing proficiency-levels has started. This comes from the sensible field of medical doctors, where miscommunication between doctor and patient raised grave concerns.

Coming back to the multitude of possibilities to learn German in Egypt: as the GI and their local cooperation partner are talking quality, while being committed to quantity: this attitude has inspired to ‘that cake should be big enough, to provide enough for everyone’, especially, since traffic and commutation still are plaguing all. So many centers opened, advertising ‘we do exactly the same as Goethe’, and that still has an appeal.


What we need in Egypt is a supervisor for German, who is not concerned about its own economical survival.

In 2000 the GI actively sought to increase its revenue. Apart from the leading staffers who are being paid from another budget, the GI should be profitable by now, as the number of standard tests is skyrocketing and their courses and teacher trainings surely bring in posh amounts of income.

Historically, Egypt has assigned high importance to establish sustainable ties with Germany, as one can conclude from the very early founding and perseverance of the German schools.

Parallel to this, economical ties to German key companies such as Siemens might certainly have profited a lot, thinking of local employees, most of whom enjoyed their school-days in one of the German schools.

When I came to Egypt in late 1992, tourism had been booming, tour-guide has been regarded as an attractive and promising career-prospect.

Later, in early 2000’s, the service-centers-hotline business took German department graduates by storm, as they have been offering well-paid jobs in their German accounts.

More technical companies, requiring sophisticated skills next to the language mastery, have set up shop in Egypt, as of mid 2000’s. Now, as Egypt is on its way to recover from the years of unrest, it seems that Egypt is becoming the hub of the Middle East for innovative projects in all sorts of fields.

An excellent environment to start and expand ones business with local staff, one might think.

As I outlined before:

To meet the demands of German language proficiency that allows communication on a meaningful -or work-efficient – level employers needs to make sure, that  their human recourses departments are located in Egypt and staffed with competent, old-fashioned personnel-officers, who, when it comes to German, have the capacity to tell ‘liability’ from ‘treasure’.





The Future Has Begun

Critics  claim that Egypt is bare of freedom. Hence a lot of NGO’s and think tanks have put their effort into (I’m slightly exaggerating) a ‘failed state’ narrative, leading to, that Egypt has been  officially categorized as “autocracy/restricted democracy”.

Critics invoke spinsters from the old past -“Egypt’s state institutions, the oldest in the world, and its political culture, have little tradition of respecting civil liberties. Some periods have been worse than others – the worst was actually under Gamal Abdel-Nasser in the 1950s and ’60s, when many thousands of political prisoners were sent “behind the sun” to camps in the Western Desert.” – and the newer past under Mubarak, when the attempt to rid the public space from radical members of the Muslim Brotherhood who invoked terror had lead the security forces of the Mubarak government  to crack down hard against radical Islamists.

On the foreign media surface, the general mood in Egypt looks like one of a country, that yearns to be liberated into a western-democracy. January 25th 2011, the onset of the Arab Spring in Egypt, had, in my opinion, been planned as an ambitious foreign policy project, fostered by Western governments.

Though the Egyptians could save themselves from the fate of its neighbor countries, ‘the Arab spring’ has chosen to sow the seeds of democracy in the oldest nation. Regretfully few take note of the changes already achieved, the process, which had been initiated by president El-Sisi, to whom most foreign media and local activists openly or secretly relate to as a ‘dictator’ has brought substantial results. Now, with a parliament in place, we might hopefully soon witness a society of participating citizens.

Everyone agrees it still is a very long way to go, until the spirit for a self-determined life in freedom paired with communal obligations can reach out to a majority of people. For now, one will see a more or less disillusioned population, with almost everyone suffering under the economic consequences of a failed Muslim Brotherhood regime. Most activists and think-tankers are suggesting,  that neither social justice nor progress can ever be expected under the current leadership.

An article in a local paper, reflecting opposing views, headlines: “The way issues are being run in Egypt today reminds me of the atmosphere before the 25 of January revolution.” –

Is that really so?

There can be no social justice, progress and building democratic institutions without a solid source of state income and thriving private entrepreneurship.  While this is a truism, the expectation in most Egyptian citizens for instant cure of social ills and instant remedy of justified grievances has been a reality ever since 2011.

While president El-Sisi receives a – comparatively speaking – modest salary, of which he donates half to the ‘Long live Egypt’ fund  [launched in October 2014 by some businessmen, headed by a former Central Bank governor to finance urgent projects],  every post-revolution government has raised the wages of public servants and employees. For a considerable number of recipients, civil servants add up to about seven Million people, the,  nominally low salaries,  had been increased three times. This, together with the minimum salary debates,  has shifted the whole issue of wages payment and expectations further out of touch with work-productivity. But it has prompted the self-understanding,  that offering pre-revolutionary salaries in a private sector job would get you flabbergasted reactions. When El-Sisi started his tenure, one of his first concerns had been to curb this spiral of increasing prices, part of which were owed to raised costs for commodities, the bigger part of the ever up-climbing price-spiral  were self-inflicted.

There is hardly any criticism, which wouldn’t take the chance these days to polemicize [quoting an opposition mainstream sentiment] that “The word revolution implies a profound change in social and political structures, which did not happen.” – A popular slam as well is to point out ‘the futility’ of Egypt’s biggest, already accomplished, national project, the extension of the Suez-Canal, cheering maliciously once revenues fall short of expectations .


The historical economical baggage, Egypt is burdened with, goes back to the times of Gamal Abdel Nasser. He failed to care for a flourishing agriculture, the fundament of growth for various industries. While his post-revolution Egyptian Land Reform was an effort to change land ownership practices in Egypt following the 1952 Revolution, the effects of this land reform drew to a halt as the population of Egypt moved away from agriculture.

As it holds still true ‘food is more essential for life than are the services provided by merchants or bankers or factories, an economy cannot shift to such activities unless food is available for barter or sale in sufficient quantities to support those engaged in them’, El-Sisi has given significant priority to develop agriculture.

Shortly after president El-Sisi has taken office, developing  infrastructure and agriculture are on the national development priority list.

The projects discussed after he took office and during the investment summit in March 2015 are being translated into action.

China, Germany, Saudi-Arabia, Russia  and the United Arab Emirates [alphabetical order] lead the long list of countries with companies, who have signed for substantial investment in Egypt.

On December 30th, the plan for the reclamation of 1.5 million feddans of desert land was ‘formally initiated, with President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi announcing the commencement of the first phase of this latest mega-project‘, due to be completed within two years. The idea is, that small farmers and big investors alike are to be sold plots of land throughout this project – in which owners may purchase expansive tracts of lands, with the state-administered Egyptian Rural Development Company supervising both: sale and distribution of desert lands designated for reclamation. – Given that completion of the second branch of the Suez Canal extension had been initially set for three years, yet it has been operational after only one year, one could assume, this – widely criticized undertaking  too will run on schedule.

Where are we now?

The Prime Ministers’ headline from a local paper a couple of days ago read “Egypt needs 6% growth for the people to feel the effects” doesn’t seem to predict economic relief – given, that nearly none of the average citizen is without financial strain but with a considerable number of people in merely upgraded from agonizing to precarious  circumstances and with his GDP growth expectation at 5%.

President El-Sisi has said it before the presidential elections and after he had been inaugurated into office: “Don’t expect the economical situation in Egypt to improve before two years”

The overwhelming solidarity, with which Egyptian citizens financed the Suez-Canal project through state-certificates,  lead me to hope that Sisi’s call ‘People! Roll-up-your-sleeves!’ would trigger wide-spread initiatives. Instead I came to realize, that more than sixty years in varying degrees of suppressive governance has formed a nation, in which only the most energetic individuals find their way to the surface of an otherwise cumbersome work population.

It is in this context that I estimate the necessity of the Presidential Leadership Program, launched in October 2015. While the PLP – acquiring skills in governance, administrative & political fields but  most importantly in critical, analytical thinking – addresses already only ‘the fittest’, it is meant to reach out to those, who need peer role-models to understand about their own capacities, since the most noble goal of the program is to empower the youth,  who feels – in big parts – left out, as the yet unreformed public education sector and a staggering youth unemployment rate of ~ 27% has created, what most describe as a ‘cultural gap’.

In the meantime administrative bodies work towards the future.

To address but one issue: Egypt went through its worst energy crisis in decades starting in 2012, with power cuts common as its ageing state-run infrastructure struggles to handle rapidly growing demand for electricity in a country of now 90 million people.  Siemens got its biggest single contract ever and is one key partner in developing gas-fired power plants and wind power installations that will boost Egypt’s power generation capacity by more than 50 percent compared to the currently installed base. The big power plants are scheduled to generate electricity as of summer 2017; to bridge peak demand in the summer of 2016 Siemens will help refurbish old steam turbines and there will be an installation of distributed generation units to deliver additional power generation capacity on short notice close to locations where demand is the highest.

A lot of pragmatism with aggressive schedules define the overall working-atmosphere in Egypt’s executives floors. Naturally, all individuals, involved in or working for those projects get their share of pressure. There, the notorious Egyptian work ethos, grown under Nasser’s socialism, which had been summarized as ‘Bokra, in sh’allah, malesh’  [tomorrow, God willing, don’t worry’] seems like light years away.

I still hope that the steam of that pressure-pot will spread throughout the country a bit faster and productivity will be as self-understanding and providing adequate compensation.

Democracy & Freedom  is not only bought with a great price, but it is maintained by unremitting effort.~


Fiascoes, Foes, Friends & the Will to Surive

Well a week into the mystery, that brought down a Russian holiday-maker plane on the Sinai, where except for 3 Ukrainian nationals aboard, all passengers and crew were Russia, the media won’t stop sharing a concern that leaves little doubt about its intentions.

While Prime Minister Cameron apparently ordered his government to bring British nationals immediately back to the Kingdom, which caused major logistic stress to the comparatively small resort air-port in Sharm El-Sheik,  I’ve just read that 80.000 Russian won’t be subjected to ’emergency evacuation’. Wouldn’t logic suggest, that president Putin would have decided such a step? –

One reads about thousands of ‘stranded tourists’. – Havoc in Egypt’s most popular resort? Safety concerns are of course in place.

My annoyance and growing sense, that something is foul about the emergency-evacuations is related to the timing of the shrunk empires prime ministers reaction, an empire whose orbit is reduced to its very borders, a kingdom that survives in considerable proportions on his Middle Eastern investment partners, a state that draws his prestige from the presence of a royal family, whose financial calamities forced the sellout of most prominent properties in the city of London.

“Russia halted flights to Egypt on Friday amid growing fears that a Russian jet downed in Egypt last week was bombed.” [Ahram online today, Saturday Nov 7th, 2015]

‘Was bombed’ ?? – While a possible bomb aboard the airliner is the scenario adopted by main-stream media, which had at first been suggested from American intelligent services, pushed into the limelight  by US-media, with others quick to follow, leading – an hour after release – a couple of European airlines to halt flights to and from Sharm El-Sheikh without, prior to the disaster, heeding Egypt’s calls for greater coordination to fight terrorism and not having shared intelligence with Cairo about the crash of the Russian passenger plane: the bomb-scenario has not been proven yet. It is worth pointing out here that neither British nor American experts are part of the investigation team, that consists of 47 aviation and terrorism specialists. The investigators are from Egypt, Russia, France and Ireland. The investigation core team is surrounded by  several sub-committees.

It is based on the very same spirit of assumptions, that seem sufficient these days to process political agendas, as time is becoming crucial in light of a world-wide recession, that governments prefer to sweep under the rug.

*  *  *  *  *  *

When I first noted that president El-Sisi is going to the UK to meet with Cameron, plus that prime minister Cameron had announced a crack-down on the Muslimbrotherhood, ‘things’ again made sense to me, as this announcement was in line with the UK government having send MI5 personnel over to Egypt, in the aftermath of the clearance of the ~6weeks long Muslimbrotherhood sit-ins in defiance of the ouster of short-lived- pres Morsi at two prominent squares in Egypt’s capital.- After all: the UK – ‘Brotherhood operates media center and its English website from London. 245 Brotherhood affiliates took over the notoriously extremist Finsbury Park Mosque after the removal of radical preacher Abu Hamza plus they foster relationships with numerous British Islamic organizations.'[*1] many of whom have made headlines with supporting or recruiting British nationals to fight for IS in Syria, like some Islamist groups do elsewhere in Europe.

However I kept wondering: how is the British government going to accomplish a ban on Ikhwan? Would a crack-down on the Muslimbrotherhood not upset one of his key-investors from the Gulf, namely the Emir of Qatar? As is well known in the meantime, Qatar hosts, accommodates and sponsors big calibers of the MB who fled Egypt after July 3rd. Even Saudi-Arabia had decided to label the MB a ‘terrorist organization’. “Brotherhood exiles including Hamas [a branch from MB]  leader Khaled Mashaal and spiritual leader of the MB Sheikh Yousuf al-Qaradawi. They have found a haven in Qatar and are supported in the state owned media, Al-Jazeera. In March 2014 Saudi Arabia threatened to close its border with Qatar unless its support for the Muslim Brotherhood ends. How does big-business come to evolve? – Through lobbying.- We need to read a well researched paper on how many lobby-groups, with what kind of long-term strategy, Qatar is financing in the UK.

If I had any at hand, I would place a cartoon here, showing the British empire at a leach, of Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, while the Emir of Qatar himself is at the leach of the US-intelligent services, all three of them standing at a $-black-hole, while the Muslimbrotherhood – remember their ‘strategy-of-gradualism’ – hold the end of a supra- leach.

But they have lost Egypt..

At the point of history, where we at are for now, Egypt is still key to Qatar’s geopolitical ambitions – as a matter of fact, the only key-player next to Turkey.

That all makes me wonder: to what extent is the British sovereignty compromised, when sovereignty means more than self-declaration and protocol. To what extent are the British still in charge of their own policy? Who urged Cameron to create chaos in Sharm El-Sheikh?

Noticing the media hype followed by Cameron’s fight-restrictions I first thought ‘what a hoax’, a possibly vile act of revenge for Russia’s military initiative in Syria as most ME-pundits who occupied themselves with the disaster agreed upon – it was indecently premature to draw conclusions that would have a foreseeable devastating effect on the Egyptian tourism industry. I found no logical explanation for it other than ‘a certain foreign country persuaded Cameron to act’, because the crash caused no loss of lives of British nationals. Yet another most lamentable plane-crash in the history of civil aviation has apparently been hijacked for opaque political ends.-

*  *  *  *  *  *

Will the plane-crash, neatly established as ‘bomb’ attack – again: based on assumptions, not on investigation results – constitute a  set-back for the Egyptian economy, which was slowly about to recover?

Who is interested in Egypt’s well-being, prosperity and success? Is it legitimate to wonder who might be interested to ‘give a helping hand’ to hinder Egypt to get its place in the community of nations, where it ought to be, “to built a modern, civil society, proud of its values and cultural legacy”? – These questions emerge here in Egypt as the most logical mental response to an otherwise incomprehensible blaming campaign. I’ve read a post on Twitter with a mental nod, that when 9/11 befell the US, the whole world media shared bewilderment and compassion.

Now, that Egypt perhaps fell victim to a vile terror-scheme, the media kept focused on technicalities & bomb-scenarios, others stressing how painful the evacuation was for the tourists, how poor the Egyptian authorities provided etc. – thanks God the British ambassador had been in Sharm. He underlined the logistical challenge, the mass evacuation of holiday makers caused and made a case for the airport authorities live on camera.

For whom is it good news, if ‘the military dictatorship clique in Egypt’ is found unfit to govern?  – I think for the same people, who still try to convince the world, that only the Muslimbrotherhood had a democratically elected president.

To my delight, a long-standing friend & ally to Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, raised up against the UK government amidst the flood of opinions that poured out of the media. like the unprecedented torrential rains recently that have hit parts of Egypt with extreme damages and loss of lives.

The media, backed by pundits drew a grim picture of ‘Egypt’s security as a chimera – the government was negligent and certainly under the thump of terrorists in the Sinai’. Punditism goes/went as far as claiming ‘Sinai is occupied by terrorists’. –

In that hailstorm, suddenly a warm rain fell on my soul.

Khaldoon Al-Mubarak,chairman of one of Britain’s most popular soccer clubs and close business associate of UAE Crown Prince Mohamed bin Zayed urged the UK government to crack-down on the Muslimbrotherhood as Cameron announced his government intended to or else: the UAE will withdraw a multi Billion arms deal from the UK- state-portfolio. In the UAE, the Brotherhood movement is being monitored with great concern. Over 100 MB-members are awaiting trial.

In context of UK-economy, the Kingdom of Saudi-Arabia should be mentioned. As for the Muslimbrothers, the new King too has no overt relations with the brotherhood. While over time, the brotherhood has adopted most of Saudi-Arabia’s Wahabism-interpretation of Islam and ‘exported’ it to Egypt, the royal court remained distant to the movement, instead of embracing and integrating it. Because?.- The Brotherhood had been listed as terror-organization in KSA, shortly after late King Abdullah might have realized, that preventing the realization of their ultimate plans – as unfolded in Egypt – necessitates a formal ban.

Saudi-Arabia too is a big spender in the United Kingdom.

Are we going to see proxy-wars soon emerging in the UK?

*   *   *   *   *

Modern societies as well as societal utopia need no septic think-tank theories who are being imposed on countries as ‘creative chaos’. But we read:  “A spectre is haunting Egypt. The spectre of a dead revolution.” Really? What then is a revolutionary goal? What does a revolution [assumed to serve the people] really want? I thought it’s about grave change of how the state handles affairs, with the main goal to bring social justice to the poorest and most ineloquent humans of the Egyptian society. The only spectre that is haunting Egypt is that of outdated ideas which prevent what they claim to stand for.

How, if not as supportive, can one read a tweet from one of the architects of the Arab-Spring, a US based key-advisor for Middle-Eastern affairs, with special assignment to Egypt, when she on her twitter account conveyed the headline of an Egyptian daily newspaper “Social media activists launched several campaigns on Facebook and Twitter to call for a new uprising on 25 January 2016.” Activists try to gather masses to ‘complete the revolution’ as the Muslimbrotherhood relentlessly demand, with an online campaign hash-tag #BackToTahrir.

Like the protest against president El-Sisi’s visit to prime minister Cameron, long prepared through online & social media campaigns prior to his trip by Ikhwan & their supporters in the UK and advertized for in Egypt too didn’t materialize into more than a hundred, [a rather high estimate] rather less, people participating on, what was probably intended to become the  ‘day-of-solidarity & resurrection’ in London on the day, president El-Sisi had been expected to be received in No.10. –

To support dissatisfaction & frustration over economical hardships of what the then 3 years of more-or-less civil-disorder left behind until the 2014 presidential elections as fertile soil for what the campaigners seek moral & financial funding  for is irresponsible from a person, whose opinion translates into politics, and who works for an organization, that claims to foster peace, while the Muslimbrotherhood have sown hated, violence and divide.

“Don’t forget that we are plagued by terrorism along our 1,000-km-long border with Libya, Sinai and around Egypt. We need stability, so the rest of Egyptian society can survive.” [quoted POE from the UK-presser]

While Egyptian citizens, me included, don’t feel the war against the foundations of the Egyptian state, as the security forces and members of the Egyptian army are mainly exposed to terror and aimed at in attacks: I reiterate: “Don’t forget that we sleep safe in our beds while others are dying on our behalves.”

When the state of emergency had been lifted in November 2013, I felt relief and grief at the same time. Relief for obvious reasons, grief for the predictable ‘streets-back-to-normal’ conditions, that would come with lifting the curfew and would prevent a brisk and efficient work-environment for security forces to rid the country of numerous ill intended individuals, who conveniently find shelter and fast escape in the ever so busy streets of Egypt.

But the economy…

To my surprise, all major limelight events passed without having been even touched by terror-attacks.

To my surprise, a sense of security has been reestablished, leaving all non-politically agitating citizens look up in awe, when the remark ‘we have a war in Egypt’ comes up in a conversation.

We might never fully get to know a convincing reason for what caused the Russian  plane to crash.

But we most certainly will all feel its implications.

We know that a healthy economy is the key to achieve social justice and care to provide the infrastructure needed for trade, big or small, to mention just one aspect.

I respect president El-Sisi for many reasons. One main reason still is: until now, he never made a promise, he could not keep. That translates to me: he takes the people very seriously. I don’t resent, that president El-Sisi has no soft-spot for activists. As activists have failed Egypt until now. – One aspect i.e.: from 2011 until 2012 they didn’t bring forward valid candidates to compete in the presidential elections, and finally gave their vote to the Muslimbrotherhood candidate Morsi, banking on his promise that he will include liberals in his government. Then in 2014 again they didn’t bring forward competitive  presidential candidates. Boycotting elections or invalidating votes had been their answer to the challenge to finally redeem the promises they made to their fellow contemporaries about their abilities and to work together for the goals of the revolution.

I certainly don’t expect those, still well funded ‘pro-democracy’ agitation NGO’s & selected individuals, financed to a vast extend  through subsidiaries on behalf of or upon order from the absolute monarch in Qatar, and to a lesser or similar extent from the notorious Soros-funded ‘pro-democracy & against national borders’ organizations, to bear results, other than that their local appointees, as they are getting if not regular wages, at least project-related salaries, having some financial relieve.-

Costs of living have climbed for external and for internal reasons. External reasons are subjected to world economy and Egypt is part of the international trade-machinery. As for the internal reasons: bizarre profit expectations are still one reason that pushed prices up. However: the chain is much more complex.

My conviction is that recycled political ideas imposed on Egyptians from Western based think-tanks will eventually be marginalized as their protagonists will continuously fail to deliver.

Because with Egyptians “it seems that there is a recurrent problem in our culture of being unable to reach people efficiently, except on some superficial level. When people say they’re ‘in tune’ with a particular segment of society other than their own, it almost always means that they deal with a minute fraction of what they assume is a sample of it. Each social class, sub-culture, or at best, building (let alone neighborhood) is so self-involved that it ends up speaking, critiquing and analyzing itself.”

While the realization, that democracy is a process, which first and foremost requires participation, might well take another generation. In the meantime the new parliament will start their sessions and who knows – … some parliamentarians might inspire discussions, that lead to a long anticipated governmental transparency and some might inspire people to care for each other.

Inside Egypt – The Suez Canal & Parallel Realities

“The bitter reality many Egyptians find impossible to admit is, that a country that is not in full control of its own territory cannot aspire to play a regional role”  – I quoted a recent argument [adapted I guess]  representative of the critical politically left-aligned movement in Egypt in an ongoing  battle over ideological superiority.- However: it lacks convincing power, as the reality is and has been already proving otherwise.

I didn’t assume the Egyptian government started building the Suez-Canal in solitary self-celebration. I saw the project more like a ‘partnership with society’. But that Egypt’s New Suez Canal conjoins the Chinese Silk Road has been good news to me.

On inauguration day we saw on the state-run Ahkbar newspaper a hand painted picture of president El-Sisi steering a boat, wearing a tie in flag-colors, behind him a few cheering people, passing by uninspiring high-rise buildings, overflowing by a merry peace-dove, carrying an olive-branch in its beak. I found the painting very intimate plus it reminded me on a time, when Egypt -still in the 90-ies -had ‘hand-painted- advertisement billboards; the foto-billboard-hype came way later. That picture had been placed in the NTY.  On a London‘s canary wharf, one could read [provided it hasn’t been photo-shopped] ‘The world thanks Egypt for boosting the economy.’ Part of the #Suezcanal hash tags, were used on Twitter by journalists & their followers who tried to promote reservations, if not downright belittlement about the whole endeavor. They were outnumbered from Shipping-companies & experts on freight navigation, plus Egyptians who wholeheartedly celebrated, what is rightfully theirs. A lot of pictures showed the festivities around the Suez Canal, some of them sharp aerial  shots, some focused on the people attending, some spotlighted El-Sisi, some ..   – Like a professor of economy from the American University said that day “Our culture can be very sentimental & this was the 1st time Egyptians have been so galvanized, it was a brilliant idea by El-Sissi – the Egyptians now own the canal”

The New Suez Canal celebrations were criticized by mostly foreign press and/or think tank representatives. Some elegized it as overly nationalistic; others ‘The Suez Canal inauguration ceremony, estimated = $30 mil (Bloomberg) could have paid the salary of: 400 full professors or 2176 public doctors for ten years’ – In case you didn’t  know: the celebrations had been fully paid for by private companies, as the president had said early on, there won’t be spend one single Pound from the state-budget for the inauguration of the Suez-Canal. The arguments of politically left aligned activists, following the slogan  ‘social justice before national security’, are appealing to the humanist gut. However: the activists still fail to let the Egyptians know how to generate sustaining state-revenues.

In addition opponents predominantly and mono-causally blame the terror attacks, Egypt is exposed to after Morsi had been ousted on, what they call ‘an oppressive regime’. “Egypt faces terrorism in the northern Sinai peninsula, but also in near Suez and on Egypt’s mainland as well as acts of sabotage on electricity towers and assassinations of public figures such as the Chief Prosecutor, the late Hisham Barakat.  In the Sinai, Egypt’s military had to cease cooperating with the limitations prevailing under the Camp David Accords by which only civil police are to operate in zone C.  While these restrictions are lifted now, that insurgency has longstanding roots going back to 2003-2004.” [Read: https://sherifazuhur.wordpress.com/2015/08/05/interview-with-sherifa-zuhur-on-counterterrorismcoin-in-egypt-and-beyond/%5D

While political scientists & think-tank analysts explain to the world outside how Egypt is a failing state, Campas, Egypt’s institute for statistics, has published that within the last 5 months, 4776 companies have set up shop. And while now, after the inauguration, new cranes with a height of 52 m and a reach of 72 m, serving vessels of up to 18,000 teu capacity, are being installed, one might be inclined to substitute ‘might bring success’ with ‘will be successful’..  Still we read articles debating on why the New Suez Canal is trivial auxiliary rather than a necessity. The answer is: ‘No, it is solely made to help pundits write and earn a living!’

The bitter reality is, that the whole Middle East is enwrapped in terror threats, and, coming back to the Suez Canal, that Egypt managed to deliver a celebration free of attacks, as many had anticipated, is owed to the strategic and tactical approach, the Ministry of Defense together with the Ministry of Interior chose to apply. While I’m not a security specialist in any way I can see that terror violence has been curbed tremendously. I’m aware that the means to efficient security operations aren’t always in line with what appeals to a mentality,  used to a social environment, in which is no room for vile intended destruction of the very same. “If the Egyptian government had fought as ruthlessly as possible, then it’s possible the conflict might be a shorter one, but as Pres. Sisi himself noted, the public concern for human rights limits the use of tactics which might eradicate such groups.” As part of his program, which El-Sisi has announced after being  inaugurated as president of Egypt, a thorough reform of the Ministry of Interior was expected to happen. Until now, we have seen a few shuffles within the ministry, the biggest one had been the replacement of the Minister himself. I keep wondering: how can a reform take place while ‘facing an enemy using extremely brutal tactics towards [the government] and civilians who are thought to be cooperating with the Egyptian military and police.’, when 90% of the assaults are being directed at state-facilities, police officers and vital institutions, while citizens are being agitated by activists through hammering ideologically distorted ‘reports’ into their heads on social media, to attain a negative attitude about controversial safety measures, finally leading to a political apathy and frustration in those, who expected fast victories.

“Security” has to be seen holistically – it also concerns preserving the safety and security of citizens and their government.   Terrorists attack civilians and symbols of the state to try to sway other citizens into treating them as a pseudo-state (thus, the very name, Islamic State).  The Egyptian government has much to overcome, but the employment of many Sinai residents in the new Suez Canal project is a boost to security, as is the awarding of reparations to those forced to leave Rafah during the buffer operation.” ‘The detachment between Egypt’s intellectual elites and the overwhelming numbers of simple minded inhabitants seem to be a constant in the struggle for change of institutions.’ President El-Sisi repeatedly pointed out, that the Muslimbrotherhood of Egypt is can be seen as the originator of the Jihad terror, which dominates the headlines in the Middle East since it culminated into, what they call a ‘Caliphate’ with a Caliph, in summer last year. – ‘Elimination of terrorism’ is, what El-Sisi aspires as a political goal, with regard to terrorism. This is very different from ‘elimination of terrorists’. Presidents El-Sisi’s holistic approach as he often elaborated – political, social and military measures – will produce results over time, some of which are already showing as the majority of citizens notices that despite the emboldened announcement of the Muslim brotherhood cadres from abroad and  inside the country, none of the Million-people-support marches for ex-Islamist president Morsi ever materialized, nor did they succeed to drag Egypt into the bloodshed, most ‘Egypt-specialists’ henchman bank on and some petty souls even hope for, as their fantasy of what a revolution is requires tens-of-thousands people dead, the countries cities burned to the grounds.

Opponents, who observe El-Sisi, will have to admit: this man never makes a promise he can’t keep.- I call this integrity. A rare, a very rare streak these days. I just read that ‘The opposition will not boycott parliamentary elections’ – that’s a piece of good news, so many people have been waiting for. May the soon to  be elected parliamentarians engage as well in this ever so complex “intellectual war on terrorism [which] has also faltered because we cannot promote freedom – freedom of thought and civil responsibility by accepting a vision of an Islamic society which is not free, but which merely eschews (rejects) violence against the state. For example, the large Salafiyya Jihad movement in the Sinai are not all involved in terrorism, but they promote a conservative social vision which is unfair to some members of society (for ex. women).”

For Egypt: the parliament won’t suffice to mediate grievance & accelerate remedial action. To get a majority of people engaging into social projects that will predominantly serve the poor & underprivileged people with little to no means to help themselves will be another pyramid to be built.

For the world outside: ‘when will the interpretative authority of Middle East issues be withdrawn from the left-wing intelligentsia oligarchy and given focus on facts on the ground?’